The increasing digitalization of the economy and society has led to a rising demand for computing and storage capacities. As more data centers and server cities are necessary, operators are challenged to cope with ever increasing energy costs. It is estimated that data centers consume between three and five percent of the world's power.

    According to the U.S. Department of Energy, the power consumption for operating and cooling data centers reached 70 billion kWh in the U.S. in 2018. In 2020, the energy demand is expected to increase to 73 billion kWh. The greatest future challenge to operators is to reduce their high operating costs and significant carbon emissions.

    Data center efficiency is judged by their Power Usage Effectiveness (PUE). PUE is a ratio that describes how efficiently a computer data center uses energy; specifically, how much energy is used by the computing equipment. PUE is the ratio of the total amount of energy used by a computer data center facility to the energy delivered to computing equipment. An ideal PUE is 1. Since data center cooling is a major component of PUE, Maxwell 2020® can play a major role in closing the gap, especially in facilities located in warmer climates or where “free cooling” is available.

    For chilled water or free cooling systems, Maxwell 2020® offers significant heat transfer improvement, energy savings, carbon emissions reductions and improved equipment performance.

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